Category Archives: Health & Research

If you are a vegetarian, the one thing you will be nagged by everyone (non-vegetarian) regarding the lack of your protein intake. Protein is very necessary to build a strong structure of your body. Before adapting protein rich diet, one should understand on how to protein works in your body and the required amount of protein your body needs.The answer to all such queries starts with amino acids.

Amino Acids are like building blocks of protein. They are a type of organic compound formed by carboxyl and amino group (-NH2). The amino acids are bonded together in long chains which we are known as proteins. Our body contains or requires 20 types of amino acids to function, some which are essential and other not so required as our body has a capacity to create few amino acids on its own.

Main nine essential amino acids are stated below:

  • Histidine
  • Isoleucine
  • Methionine
  • Phenylalanine
  • Leucine
  • Lysine
  • Valine
  • Threonine
  • Tryptophan

The non-essential are stated below:

  • Alanine
  • Aspartic acid
  • Cysteine
  • Glutamic acid
  • Selenocysteine
  • Glutamine
  • Arginine
  • Asparagine
  • Tyrosine
  • Glycine
  • Pyrrolysine
  • Proline
  • Serine

Some of the above non-essential amino acids are essential in certain medical cases and among children as their body are not capable of producing these amino acids. Adults don’t need most of the amino acids as the body creates them from time to time to build stronger system. To get the essential amino acids which our body is incapable of producing is consumed through our diet.

The one thing which most of the vegetarians should know that many plant based food give you a series of complete protein. All you need to do is combine necessary food in your daily diet to get all the essential amino acids on a daily basis. For vegetarians, the best source of protein is beans, which are high in lysine and low in methionine. By eating beans with rice, which is low in lysine and high in methionine, you create a complete protein.

Eating a protein rich diet is good, but one should also understand how their body works. When protein is consumed, it gets broken down into many individual amino acids which gets stored in thegastrointestinal tract. These individual amino-acid mix, match together to create energy for the body. So as long as you intake good amount of protein on daily basis, you will feel energetic throughout the day.

Those who think that vegan or vegetarian diet doesn’t provide all the nine essential amino acids are completely wrong. Below mentioned are the foods that are rich source of the essential protein.

  • Soy
  • Quinoa
  • Buckwheat
  • Hemp
  • Chia

Combine these ingredients with other protein rich food like legume or whole grain like rice, wheat or corn to create healthy dishes. The best way to consume protein is with fibrous food. This way your body get all the necessary proteins, minerals and the fiber help flush down all the toxins from the body.

The bottom line is, even though many people might tell you that vegetarian food won’t give you a complete protein rich diet, then they are wrong. There are many vegetarian foods that are better source of protein than a piece of meat and much healthier than you can imagine.


Vitamin D – an essential nutrient required in our body for the prevention of bone diseases, skin problem, and heart disease. By consumingsmall amount of seafood like herring, mackerel, sardines and tuna can suffice the requirement of Vitamin D in our body. Nearly 80% – 90% of Vitamin D in the body is produced by the exposure to the sun. This statistic may vary from place, climate and body of every individual living in a certain place.

As vitamin D is required to absorb minerals, calcium and phosphorus in the body from food, it plays an important role in building a stronger immune system and healthy bone structure in the body. The best way to get a healthy dose of Vitamin D is through the sun. Just 5 to 6 days of sun exposure to skin without any sunscreen can give you Vitamin D for 49 days. When our body is exposed under the sun, the fatty tissues absorbs the sunlight and release Vitamin D in the body. With the older people this may vary as the Fatty tissues slowly declines in the aged body.

Due to the overuse of sunscreen on a daily basis and static life inside office or home, many people are getting affected by Vitamin D deficiency and healthy issues associated with this Vitamin. The younger generation should spend some time outside under the sun to get adequate amounts of Vitamin D. To avoid sunburn, one can go out early in the morning. Elders are also advised to go out in a sun or take supplements prescribed by the doctor to avail the benefits of vitamin D.

Uses and Effectiveness of Vitamin D

Cancer: Research suggests that people taking high dose of Vitamin D supplements with calcium have a lower risk of developing certain types of cancers. However, Vitamin D does not cure or minimize the effect of cancer among patients affected by this disease.

Bone loss: Increase in the release of Parathyroid hormone (hyperparathyroidism) can cause bone loss in the body. In such conditions, it’s advised to take vitamin D in oral form to reduce the increased level of parathyroid hormone. This condition is mostly seen among women aging above 40 and the condition is medically termed as hyperparathyroidism.

Cavities: Vitamin D3 is said to effective in reducing the risk of cavities among children and adolescents. With the balanced dose of calcium rich diet one can have stronger teeth naturally.

Respiratory infections: Children are more prone to catching seasonal flu, especially in winter or rainy season due to lack of Vitamin D in their body. Research shows that if Vitamin D is taken orally or by adapting Vitamin D rich diet, there will be less risk of school aged children of catching flu. Also, Vitamin D is beneficial in reducing asthma attack which is triggered by seasonal change or pollen in the air. One should also take note that the effect of Vitamin D for respiratory infection in children is more effective in comparison to adults.

Multiple sclerosis (MS): By taking adequate amount of vitamin D can reduce the risk of developing of Multiple sclerosis among women. One can take Multi Vitamins which will suffice the need of Vitamin D in the body.

Rheumatoid arthritis: Taking Vitamin D orally with Calcium will reduce the risk of Rheumatoid arthritis and even minimize the effect of the disease. Rheumatoid arthritis is seen more in women in comparison to men so it’s advisable for women to take multivitamin after 40 under the guidance of the physician.

Weight loss: Sometimes obesity in certain people might be due to the deficiency of Vitamin D in the body. Vitamin D controls the absorption of other minerals in our blood. If the level of Vitamin D gets imbalanced, it affects the other organs of the body and even might cause hormonal imbalance. For those suffering from obesity should go for the Vitamin D level test and take oral supplements under the prescription of doctor.

Though Vitamin D has no side effects, still when it’s taken orally in the form of supplements, the person needs to make sure that a supplement doesn’t show any kind of side effect in body. For those who try to balance Vitamin D by going out in the sun should understand that Vitamin D can be absorbed in the early morning and not when in the noon as the sun rays are harsher which can damage your skin.

Possible Side Effects and Precautions for Vitamin D

Pregnancy and Breast Feeding Mothers:Consuming Vitamin D is safe to take during pregnancy and bybreastfeeding mothers, but the daily amount should be below 4000 units. If you consume higher amount of Vitamin D, it will likely to harm the infant. Also, it can cause serious damage to your body too.

Tuberculosis: For those who are affected by Tuberculosis should take Vitamin D under prescribed dose as it can create complication which can result into kidney stones or failure of the kidneys.

Kidney disease: For those who are suffering from Kidney disease should consume a small amount of Vitamin D supplements. Vitamin D tends to increase the calcium level in the body which increase the risk of stone in the kidney or gall bladder. Overdose of Vitamin can likely damage the kidney and in some case it might fail. If you have a history of kidney problem, consult a doctor before taking Vitamin D orally.

One must remember that our body is programmed to absorb Vitamin D from the sun. By staying indoors for longer period of time or using too much sunscreen can reduce the absorption of Vitamin D in the body. Consume sea food and go out in early morning sun will help your body restore Vitamin D level. Create a perfect balance of all the necessary Vitamins to have a stronger body at every stage of your life.


Difference between veg and gelationous capsules

In pharmaceautical manifucturing, a wide range of methods for dosage of medication has now errupted but the primary technique of using stable shells, known as capsule to fill in powdered, liquid or gell based medication has still remain undefeated. Capsules can be taken orally or used as supositories (drug delivery through rectum) and therefore they are undoubtedly the most preffered and efficient method now available in the pharmacy.

Most capsules available in the market are of two distinct categories; gelatinous and vegetarian capsules. Out of which, gelationous capsules are more popular. They are made of an animal derived substance known as gelatin. Gelatin is a foodstuff, derived from collagen which is obtained from animal by-products. They are high in non-essential amino acids are commonly obtained from domestic cattle, chicken, pigs, horses and fish.

Although gelatinous capsules are inexpensive and widely available, they have the potential risk of transmitting animal diseases and are hence unsafe. Individuals with traditional and religious restrictions to animal based food are also unable to consume such capsules. Also, these capsules are highly unpreffered for long term uses for the risk of being toxic.

For such cases, there is an alternative method also available known as vegeterian capsules. They are non-animal origin, made of natural and non-toxic cellulose based ingredients and are suitable for people who choose not to take capsules based on animal by-products. This provides for a larger consumer base and are also available in various colours and sizes.Vegetarian capsules have been proved to contain no preservatives, starch, wheat and they are made of only pure cellulose, derived from either pine or poplar.

They generally contain only two ingredients- HPMC (hydroxyproplylmethylcellulose, a chemical derived from vegetable cellulose) and water. They also dissolve quicker in the stomach and are easily digestible. They are vegeterian, vegan, kosher and halal safe. Gelatinous capsules cannot be used to fill gel based or liquid based medications where as vegetarian capsules can be used for all.

Therefore, the major difference between gelatinous and vegeterian capsules lies in the ingredients. Despite being an animal based product and harmful in multiple ways, they are inexpensive and highly convenient for use. For the health concerned individuals or ones with religuous restrictions, vegeterian capsules is a way to go.


Have you ever experienced or heard about dengue? Whether your answer is a yes or no, you should know that dengue is real, dangerous and can be conquered. You may think that common illnesses and diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, cancer, malaria, typhoid, to mention a few are the only ones that exist. No, they are not. There is also a disease known as dengue and the next few minutes you are going to dedicate reading this article will educate and inform you all about the dangerous dengue.

What is dengue?

Dengue, also known as Dengue fever or breakbone fever is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by the dengue virus, which is mainly found in the tropical regions. The disease may produce such body pains in such a way that one feels like his/her bones break. The major symptoms of dengue include fever, headache, muscle and joint pain and a characteristic skin rash similar to measlesthat occurs all over the body. In small portion of cases, this disease may develop into a more life threatening form known as dengue hemorrhagic fever, which results in bleeding, thrombocytopenia (decrease in blood platelet count), blood plasma leakage or the more fatal dengue shock syndrome, which causes dangerously low blood pressure.

What Really Causes Dengue?

Many species of mosquito under the genus aedes transmit dengue but a bite fromaedesaegypti specie is mainly responsible for the transmission of the dengue virus. These mosquitoes usually live between the latitudes of 35° North and 35° South below an elevation of 1,000 meters.This species of mosquito breeds in stagnant water and they typically bite during the day, particularly in the early morning and in the evening, thus spread infection at any time of day all during the year.The virus circulates in the blood for 2-7 days after the human is affected, during which the mosquito may acquire the virus by biting the infected human and spread it to another unsuspecting victim. Other aedes species that transmit the disease include albopictus,polynesiensis and scutellaris. Humans are the primary host of the virus, but it also circulates in nonhuman primates. An infection can be acquired via a single bite.

Dengue fever virus (DENV) is an RNA virus that belongs to flaviviridae family (genus flavivirus). Other members of the same genus include yellow fever virus, West Nile virus, St. Louis encephalitis virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, tick-borneencephalitis virus, Kyasanur forest disease virus, and Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus. Most are transmitted by arthropods (mosquitoes or ticks), and are therefore also referred to as arboviruses (arthropod-borne viruses).

Dengue can also be transmitted through infected blood products and organ donation.In countries such as Singapore, where dengue is endemic, the risk is estimated to be between 1.6 and 6 per 10,000 transfusions. Vertical transmission (from mother to child) during pregnancy or at birth has been reported. Other person-to-person modes of transmission have also been reported, but are very unusual.

Dengue Diagnosed

It has been earlier said that a person diagnosed with dengue will exhibit symptoms such as skin rashes, severe headaches, constant fever etc. But these symptoms seem life-threatening if not taken seriously. A probable diagnosis is based on the findings of fever plus two of the following: nausea and vomiting, rash, generalized pains, low white blood cell count, positive tourniquet test, or any warning sign in someone who lives in an endemic area. Warning signs typically occur before the onset of severe dengue. The tourniquet test, which is particularly useful in settings where no laboratory investigations are readily available, involves the application of a blood pressure cuff at between the diastolic and systolic pressure for five minutes, followed by the counting of any petechial hemorrhages; a higher number makes a diagnosis of dengue more likely with the cut off being more than 10 to 20 per 1 inch.

Severe dengue is defined as that associated with severe bleeding, severe organ dysfunction or severe plasma leakage. The 1997W.H.O classification divided dengue into undifferentiated fever, dengue fever, and dengue hemorrhagic fever. Dengue hemorrhagic fever was subdivided further into grades I–IV. Grade I is the presence only of easy bruising or a positive tourniquet test in someone with fever, grade II is the presence of spontaneous bleeding into the skin and elsewhere, grade III is the clinical evidence of shock, and grade IV is shock so severe that blood pressure and pulse cannot be detected.Grades III and IV are referred to as “dengue shock syndrome”.

Owing to the unavailability of any approved vaccine or injection,prevention by following certain basic steps will be the most effective way to fight this dreadful disease. Some of the ways to prevent the onset of dengue are stated as follows:

  • It is advisable not to allow the existence of stagnant water especially around places like flowerpots, buckets, barrels etc. and around the house, as these are the favourite places for mosquitoes to lay eggs.
  • People can prevent mosquito bites by wearing clothing that fully covers the skin, using mosquito netting while resting and the application of insect repellent
  • Bleaching powder can be used for water sources that are not meant for drinking, as it prevents the development of mosquito eggs.
  • Reducing open collections of water through environmental modification is also a preferred method of control, given the concerns of negative health effects from insecticides and greater logistical difficulties with control agents.
  • One is advised to avoid strong perfumes, as mosquitoes are drawn towards strong body odours.
  • It is healthier to avoid being outdoors during dawn, dusk or early evenings when mosquitoes tend to roam around in the open.

Treatment for Dengue

There are actually no known antiviral drugs or injections available for the cure of dengue. However, the disease can be treated with plenty of supportive care and treatment that would eventually help save the patient’s life. Dengue is characterized by fever and intense body ache. The fever can be treated with antipyretic drugs such as paracetamols and the body ache can be treated with analgesics that help relieve the pain. Drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen should be avoided as they may increase the risk of hemorrhage. The patient can also be treated with natural home remedies such as papaya leaves, kiwi and other food items that have been proven to help in the increase of platelet count, which gets affected during dengue.

Now that you well educated about dengue fever, I hope your answer to the first question in this educative and health advocacy article will be a capital and confident YES. Ensure and try your best to be stay healthy because “health is wealth.”


Here are 10 secrets which will give you a beautiful and pampered looking skin

Your skin looks healthy if you eat a nutritious food that your body requires. There are plenty of cosmetic brands available in stores for you to tempt you to buy fairness giving products. There are products available to keep you look young, products for minimising wrinkles etc.

The balanced nutrition will nourish you from within for giving a healthy looking skin, no cosmetic can do this. But, however you will have to also take care of your skin externally, by blocking from sun, keeping it clean, keeping it moist, removal of timely dead skin cells, exfoliating it etc.

  • Do not eat the unhygienic food, these can cause burden on internal organs and result in pigmentation, the formation of dark spots, freckles and so on.
  • Keep your stomach clean. Disturbed digestive process harms the metabolism and causes imbalances in chemical reaction in the body’s natural process. This leads to several diseases and one among them is healthy building of skin cells. The skin looks stressed, unhealthy, looses it’s suppleness, elasticity and so on.
  • Honey & Lemon skin fairness pack:
    Make a face mask by mixing honey and lemon in equal amounts. Apply this mixture on the face, leave for 20 minutes and wash off with luke warm water for a fair looking skin. Lemon lightens your skin tone and honey moisturizes it and makes it smooth and glowing.
  • Gram flour skin fairness pack for even skin tone:
    This pack will show great results to give even skin tone. Make a paste of gram flour, milk and a pinch of turmeric. (For oily skin you can add rose water instead of milk). Apply the pack for 10 minutes and wash off with luke warm water. This pack will act as a scrubber, it will remove all the dirt and oil from your skin and your complexion becomes fairer.
  • Tan removal skin lightening pack:
    Mix lemon juice with honey in equal quantity and make a paste by adding small quantity of gram flour. Apply this all over body with gentle massage. This will help to reduce tan and makes your skin look fairer & glowing.
  • Citrus skin fairness pack:
    This pack will show great results for getting a fair skin. Mix tomato juice and few drops of lemon. Apply on face as a face mask. Leave for 20 minutes and wash. Great face mask for oily skin to become fair.
  • Almonds based instant fairness face pack:
    Almonds are known for its property to make the skin fairer. It shows the results from the very first use. Soak almonds in water keep it over night, morning grind it with milk to make a fine paste apply on the face and leave overnight. In the morning wash with luke warm water. You will find your skin fair and glowing. If your skin is oily you can use gram flour to clean your face. It will remove the oil from the skin.
  • Cucumber juice skin rejuvenating skin pack:
    After a long exposure to sun, give a try to this pack for bringing back the glow on your skin. This pack will not only lighten your skin tone but also give a relief from sunburn. Take 3 to 4 tablespoon of cucumber juice add 1 tablespoon of lemon and a pinch of turmeric. Use this skin lightening pack to get a fair & glowing skin. If your skin is dry you can add few drops of glycerin in this face mask.
  • Skin exfoliating pack:
    Make a passte using fuller earth, gram flour, little turmeric and rose water. Apply on the skin. Leave it till it gets dry. This skin pack is very good for oily skin to get fair and glowing skin. Again for dry skin you can add milk cream in it.
  • Papaya skin treatment pack
    Take a ripe papaya. Mash it and add 2 to 3 spoons of milk in it. Apply on your face for 15 to 20 minutes and then wash with cold water. Papaya is well known for its skin lightening properties and makes you complexion fairer.

Our body produces a certain amount of nutrients to function properly, but there are some essential nutrients which cannot synthesize on its own. To create the adequate amount of nutrients, one must consume a healthy diet, which should comprise of all the essential nutrients. Basically, our body needs carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamins, minerals and water to be healthy. Below is the detail information on these essential nutrients and how you could comprise them in your daily diet.

Guide for Healthier Body:

Carbohydrates: The energy our brain requires to function properly gets through Carbohydrates. You can get carbohydrates from fruits, starchy vegetables, breads and sugar. But, the best way to consume carbs is by eating a whole grain diet. Fruits and whole grains contain lots of fiber, whichreduces the fat deposition in the heart and maintain the glucose levelin blood.

Protein: Major structural development of building of cells and repair in the body is done thorough Protein. When you eat protein rich diet, it breaks down into amino acids, which are like building blocks of protein. Consuming lean protein diet like low fat meat, fat free dairy products, beans and eggs can give you theadequate amount of protein for stronger body.

Vitamins: Among all the Vitamins, the one nutrient which our body needs to create structure of blood vessels, ligaments and bones is Vitamin C. The best source of Vitamin C is through citrus fruits and vegetables. By consuming orange, strawberries, pineapple, green apple, lime and pepper, you give your body a healthy dose of Vitamin C. A compound known as Folate is found in Vitamin C rich food which prevents birth defects in pregnant women. This is why many physicians advise pregnant women to consume folic acid supplements. Vitamin D is another nutrient you require to maintain the calcium level in the body. Adapt a healthy diet and go out under the sun in early morning for at least 30 minutes to an hour to let your body absorbs a good amount of Vitamin D from the sun.

Minerals: A balance dose of Sodium maintains the fluid level around the cells in the body and helps them to function properly. But, it’s advisable to keep sodium consumption under 2,400 milligrams per day. A healthy sodium rich diet can prevent excessive rise of blood pressure. Include bananas, tomatoes and potato in your daily diet to give your body a good dose of natural minerals. Also consuming milk products will give you calcium for building stronger bones and teeth’s.

Fat: Though consider as an unhealthy compound, fat is necessary in your body to increase fat-soluble vitamins like vitamin A, D, K and E. Instead of going for a fatty food, choose Omega-3 fat rich foods like walnuts, fish, and vegetable based oils. Omega-3s help body developments and growth by absorbing necessary vitamins. Limit the consumption of saturated fats and replace by eating nuts, seeds and avocado which contains high amount of unsaturated fats.

Water: Lastly, a simple thing which contains no calories and can give maximum benefit to your body – Water. One should drink at least 2 to 3 liters of fluid on a daily basis. Water helps to remove all the waste from your body. By eating high moisture foods like soup or fruits containing water like watermelon can fill your daily water requirement. If you are confused on how much water your body needs, then drinks 35 milliliters of fluid per kilogram of your body weight.

A healthy diet gives energy, maintain body weight, boost up your mood and make you look good every day. Moreover, it gives you a huge support at every stage of your life. By committing to a healthy diet, you help yourself to look good and enjoy life to its best.