Hydroxyzine is a first-generation antihistamine of the diphenylmethane and piperazine class. Hydroxyzine is used to treat itching caused by allergies. It is an antihistamine and works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that body makes during an allergic reaction. Hydroxyzine may also be used short-term to treat anxiety or to help one feel sleepy/relaxed before and after surgery
It is used primarily as an antihistamine for the treatment of itches and irritations, an antiemetic for the reduction of nausea, as a weak analgesic by itself and as an opioid potentiator, and as an anxiolytic for the treatment of anxiety.
As directed by the physician.
In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.
The extent of renal excretion of Hydroxyzine has not been determined. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selections.
Sedating drugs may cause confusion and over sedation in the elderly; elderly patients generally should be started on low doses of Hydroxyzine and observed closely.
Since drowsiness may occur with use of the drug, patients should be warned of this possibility and cautioned against driving a car or operating dangerous machinery while taking hydroxyzine. Patients should be advised against the simultaneous use of other CNS depressant drugs, and cautioned that the effect of alcohol may be increased.
CNS depression, paradoxical CNS stimulation, dry mouth, thickened respiratory secretions, constipation, blurring of vision, tachycardia, GI disturbances, headache, hypotension, and tinnitus.
There are no controlled studies in women. Drugs should be given only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Contraindicated in lactation.
NOVATRAX-25 tablets are available in a 10X10ís blister packing
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